Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann of the University of Utah shocked the world when they announced the first ever cold fusion experiment 20 years before the invention of e-cat. They have invented an apparatus that claimed to generate 1.75watts more heat than the power they input. Unfortunately though, several attempts to replicate the experimental results failed making it impossible to rule out experimental errors. Cold fusion has been slurred with doubts to the point that it has been discredited because scientists from Pons and Fleischmann to the present-day proponents couldn’t explain how nuclear physics come into play in their observations.
Cold fusion has been reintroduced, however, by a new name “low energy nuclear reactions” or LENR due to the series of independents studies by scientists from all over the world in the past two decades. The reintroduction of ASC in 2009 of their follow-up studies of the Fleischmann-Pons experiment again stunned the world because LENR publications were not widespread and was limited only to peer-reviewed science journals and their websites.
Experiments for LENR abound and Andrea Rossi’s e-cat home technology is already reported to be operational, yet the actual LENR theory is still unclear. Steven Krivit, the editor of the online LENR newsletter called New Energy Times, said that the primary reason why LENR has been disregarded for two decades is because it cannot back up how the fusion of hydrogen nuclei into helium is possible when the accepted way to do this is to squeeze the nuclei into a very small space and increase the temperature up to tens of millions of degrees which the stars and multibillion-dollar “hot fusion” reactors are the only ones that are capable of doing.
In a similar manner, although the e-cat home has been tested to aid the results, the theory behind it is not entirely known or understood. Experiments substantiating the Pons-Fleischmann experiments have now been published in over 150 different papers in journals and conference sessions around the world as mentioned by Edmund Storms, a retired nuclear scientist from Los Alamos National Laboratory and author of The Science of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction (World Scientific, 2007). Rossi’s E-cat home is currently the most formidable product of these experiments that it continuously gains popularity.
Mr Ludwik Kowalski, former physics professor at Montclair State University in New Jersey, said that he himself has always doubted the theory all throughout its inception until 2007 when he conducted his CR-39 experiment based on earlier paper published by the US Navy. He was amazed in getting exactly the same results as he observed the CR-39 tracks traced the outline of the cathode, a considerable suggestion of nuclear activity. He said that there are serious indications that there is something behind this. Krivit who is also the coeditor of the Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Sourcebook (Oxford University Press, 2008) said, “Some people have accused the [LENR] field of wishful thinking, and it’s unfortunate, because the experimental evidence is, in my opinion after eight years, unambiguous.”
True enough, the evidence are more than nagging especially the e-cat home device but a more solid theory would make LENR a concrete scientific phenomenon.